Natural Farming

SWOT analysis of NF


  • Providing wonderful solutions to the challenges of present agriculture in the state
  • Potential to contribute to the global effort to overcome the challenges of climate change
  • Improving profitability in agriculture
  •  Improving farmers’ health
  • Reducing farmers’ stress


  • Growing demand for chemical free food
  •  International support for the mitigation and adaption of the climate change


  • Not able to reach the needy
  • Not able to command the commensurate prices
  • Less awareness and inadequate extension services
  • Non-availability of readymade biological inputs at the time of requirement.
  •  No improvement in biological inputs formulations


  • The programme is going against the powerful mainstream industries, institutions and policies

Objectives of  NF

  • Ensuring food security and producing more with less resources.
  • For building the resilience of smallholder farmers for creating a food-secure future.
  • NF is the right solution to fight climate change and create resilient food systems.
  • Fighting drought is one of the main objectives of NF.
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the UN advocates environmentally-friendly farming methods that can take us to a more sustainable future.
  • Importance for chemical free food consumption is growing rapidly.
  • Chemical farming has made food a poison and also has reduced the yield by making lands barren.
  • Farmers’ welfare and sustainable practices are vital for a sustainable and productive economy.
  • NF constitutes an effective strategy for achieving SDGs targets.

Features of NF

  • It is a farming practice that believes in natural growth of crops without adding any chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
  • The four wheels of NF are Bijamrut, Jivamrut, Mulching and Waaphasa.
  • Bijamrut is a natural way of seed treatment using local cow urine and cow dung.
  • Jvamrut is made using water, local cow dung, local cow urine, jaggery, dal flour and soil.
  • Waaphasa is the aeration in the soil.
  • NF is different from organic farming.
  • Intercropping is an important feature of NF.
  • Practicing composting on the farm itself, so that soil organic matter increases.
  • Storing water in the farm ponds for use in adverse conditions.
  • Insects and pests are managed using neem leaves, neem pulp and green chillies.
  • Establishing farmers’ federations and self-help groups, and placing farmers at the forefront of knowledge creation and dissemination.


  • Besides reduced input cost, farmers practicing NF gets higher yields.
  • Elimination of chemical pesticides and promotion of good agronomic practices.
  • Promote regenerative agriculture, improve soil biodiversity and productivity.
  • Ensure decent livelihoods to smallholder farmers.
  • Restore ecosystem health through diverse, multi-layered cropping systems.
  • Anyone who is having half an acre of land can start NF.
  • Using NF techniques, one can convert even the most infertile land into a fertile one.
  • Women’s empowerment and nutrition.